Grande Côte

Grande Côte Mineral Sands Project

With construction effectively complete and ramp up of production ongoing, the Grande Côte Mineral Sands Project is one of only a few major new projects globally that is set to take advantage of the supply-constrained mineral sands sector.

Located in Senegal, one of Africa’s most successful democracies

Grande Côte is located in Senegal, west Africa.  Having gained independence in 1960, Senegal enjoys a stable and investor friendly political and social environment.  The government of the Republic of Senegal is a valued partner and holds a 10% free carried interest in the project. More information can be found on our detailed Senegal profile.


The Mining Concession itself is on a coastal, mobile dune system starting approximately 50 kilometres north of the capital Dakar, and is approximately 100 kilometres in length and four kilometres in width.

Access to the project is by sealed road from the capital, and takes approximately 2 hours.



A 20+ year mine life

Grande Côte, over an expected mine life of at least 20 years, is anticipated to produce on average approximately 85ktpa of zircon and 575ktpa of ilmenite (and small amounts of rutile and leucoxene) when in full production.


To date, a total measured and indicated resource estimate of 1.030 billion tonnes at 1.73% heavy mineral (at a 1.25% cut-off grade) and a proved and probable Ore Reserve estimate of 751 million tonnes of 1.8% heavy mineral (representing a mine dredge path for the first 14 years of operation) has been developed.  The current resource estimate covers approximately 50% of the Mining Concession.


A simple mining and processing operation

The simplicity of the orebody allows for conventional dredging and processing.  The dunes contain no overburden, minor vegetation, free flowing sands and minimal slimes, providing for an uncomplicated mining operation.


The dredge itself travels through the dunes and utilises the area’s shallow water table.  It mines sand from the front of the dredge pond and pumps slurry to the floating concentrator.  Sand is then washed through spirals, separating the heavy mineral concentrate from lighter quartz sand which is sprayed out the back of the pond, restoring the landscape.

The heavy mineral is then transferred to the mineral separation plant where magnetic, electrostatic and gravity processes separate the heavy mineral concentrate into various minerals – zircon, ilmenite, rutile and leucoxene. No chemicals are used in any of the separating processes on site.


Within close proximity to European & North American markets

The project benefits from its close proximity to Africa’s largest international shipping port, Dakar.  After processing, zircon will be shipped to customers worldwide as will the rutile and leucoxene. The ilmenite will be be sold in the market and/or shipped for further processing at the Tyssedal Titanium Upgrading Facility in Norway, producing titanium slag (Upgraded ilmenite) for consumption by TiO2-producers and the Ti-metal industry.


Utilising existing infrastructure and taking logistics into our own hands

TiZir has made it a priority to control all its own logistical needs from the process plant to the ship hold.  The company is highly fortunate in being able to utilise existing infrastructure such as major rail and road links and the Dakar port facilities.



A concession has been negotiated with the government for use of approximately 100 kilometres of existing rail line which has been refurbished.   This has been linked to the mineral separation plant with a new 22 kilometre spur line, providing controlled rail from the treatment plant to TiZir’s port facilities.  Ilmenite will be loaded in bulk, while zircon, rutile and leucoxene will be containerised for rail transportation and storage at the port.


A large area has been acquired under lease at the port where TiZir has constructed its own storage facilities and where the company has secured use of a berth for ship loading.  All containers will be shipped via the well-established container freight system of the Port of Dakar.

 A 36 megawatt power station has been built at the mineral separation plant, capable of being powered by heavy fuel oil, natural gas or diesel, which will give TiZir security of power supply.


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